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Vocational Rehabilitation

The Rehabilitation Program of the ESRD Network of Texas is designed to work with both professionals and patients to ensure that incipient dialysis patients are informed of the benefits of continuing to work. Continuing education for social workers on Rehabilitation was presented during the Annual Meeting. Additional instruction was given to facilities to encourage staff to speak with their patients about continuing to work or volunteering options. Further, the program is aimed at ensuring that rehabilitative opportunities are presented and available to all suitable ESRD patients. Criteria and Standards to identify suitable vocational rehabilitation candidates that were developed and adopted by the MRB support the efforts of the Life Options Rehabilitation Advisory Council (LORAC) and the Department of Assistive & Rehabilitative Services (DARS). The Criteria and Standards continue to be distributed automatically to all new facilities and upon request to existing clinics.

The Network collected Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) data from each ESRD facility in the Annual Facility Survey utilizing standardized CMS data elements and definitions. For 2010, the Network collected self-reported VR data on facility patients 18-54 (n=12,643) as of the last day of the year.  Please see your facility specific report.

The Network and the MRB annually review the ESRD Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Activity Report. In the 2010 report, Texas facilities reported that 17.4 percent of patients between the ages of 18 and 54 were employed as of year-end, while 3.0 percent were attending school full or part time. The percent of patients receiving services from VR or other VR Related Service Providers (Public or Private) has steadily decreased from 4.2 in 2002 to 1.7 in 2008.  In 2010, the number of patients utilizing VR services in Texas maintained an average of 2.2 percent and continues to reverse the historical multi-year downward trend.

The ESRD Network of Texas continues to work with the Department of Assistive & Rehabilitative Services (DARS) in an effort to address the ongoing barriers for referral and the availability of services. Currently, vocational counselors are evaluated based upon the number of cases successfully placed in employment. Dialysis patients, because of their thrice weekly, four-hour treatments, are more difficult to place and require more time and effort on the part of the counselor. During the time it takes a vocational counselor to place one dialysis patient, he/she could place three to four "easier" cases and thus get a higher success rate within their performance system. Thus, this is a disincentive for the DARS VR counselors to accept dialysis patients. Discussions between Network staff (ED, PSC, and OC) and the Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services are underway with a goal of developing a working relationship and partnering to improve access to services for ESRD patients.

To promote rehabilitation the Network distributes charts displaying statewide VR averages encouraging facilities to perform comparisons with their data, identify opportunities to improve, review their VR programs, and implement QI if needed. The Network continues to partner with the Life Options Rehabilitation Council (LORAC) by highlighting and emphasizing their programs in mail outs, newsletters, and at annual meetings. Links to LORAC materials and contact information for VR counselors are posted on the Network Web site.

Vocational Rehabilitation Resources

Texas Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services (DARS)


Texas Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services (DARS) 

Vocational Rehabilitation Webinar

Social Security Department


Social Security introduces Ticket to Work program. It is a free voluntary program that can help Social Security beneficiaries go to work, get a job that may lead to a career, and become financially independent, all while they keep their Medicare or Medicaid. Individuals who receive Social Security benefits because of a disability and are age 18 through 64 probably already qualify for the program.

Click here to visit Ticket to Work

Patient flyers in English and Spanish are available to print